European lily-of-the-valley, lily-of-the-valley
Etymology: Convallaria: from Lilium convallium, the popular name
Plants: perennial, 4"-8" tall forb; rhizomes forming large clones
Leaves: 2 to 3, narrow, elliptical, 2"-3" wide
Flowers: white, 6-parted, 1/3" long, bell-shaped, nodding, stalked, fragrant; inflorescence a one-sided, spike-like cluster (raceme)
Fruits: red, 1/4" berry
Habitat: partial sun, shade; old gardens, woods; in rich soil
Hazardous: Careful, this plant is hazardous!
Invasiveness: Invasive - Eradicate!
Conservation Status: Introduced - escaped; ecologically invasive
Flora of North America: Flora of North America WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin invasive species including decription, habitats, control methods Invasive And Exotic Species of North America: Descriptions, management issues, warnings, photos, etc. USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"