Etymology: Viola: a classical Latin name for violets
Plants: erect, perennial forb, basically stemless
Leaves: various but mostly arrow-shaped becoming lobed at the bottom with age, usually 1 1/2 times as long as wide
Flowers: purple, 5-parted, 3/4"-1" wide, lower 3 petals bearded; solitary, basal; blooms April-June
Fruits: oval capsule with brown seeds
Habitat: dry, moist; prairies, meadows, inland sands, open woods
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 6, Wetland Indicator = FACW- Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"