Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg.
Family: Asteraceae
common dandelion
Taraxacum officinale image
Paul Drobot  
Etymology: Taraxacum: medieval name traceable through Arabic to the Persian talkh chakok, meaning "bitter herb"
Plants: erect, perennial, 2"-12" tall forb with milky juice
Leaves: basal, pinnately-divided, long and narrow, end lobe usually larger than the others
Flowers: head 1"-2" wide with only yellow ray flowers; inflorescence a single head on a long hollow stalk from the base of the plant; blooms April-Nov.
Fruits: brown, dry seed on fluffy pappus
Habitat: fields, lawns, disturbed sites
Conservation Status: Introduced - naturalized