Solidago patula
Family: Asteraceae
rough-leaved goldenrod, round-leaved goldenrod, swamp goldenrod
Solidago patula image
Merel R. Black  
Etymology: Solidago: from Latin solido, meaning "to make whole or heal" and a reference to the supposed, medicinal qualities of these plants
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-7' tall forb forming patches; parts of the stems 4-angled, smooth below the inflorescence
Leaves: elliptical, sharply toothed, underside smooth, upper side rough, lower leaves with slightly sheathing stalk, upper leaves obviously smaller
Flowers: head with 5-12 yellow rays; inflorescence a widely spreading, open cluster with heads on one side of the branches; blooms Aug.-Sept.
Fruits: slightly hairy, dry seed on fluffy pappus
Habitat: moderate moisture to wet; woods, meadows, shores, swamps; in limy soil
Conservation Status: Native