Scutellaria lateriflora L.
Family: Lamiaceae
blue skullcap, mad-dog skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora image
Christopher Noll  
Etymology: Scutellaria: from Latin scutella, "a small dish, tray or platter," and referring to the sepals which appear this way during the fruiting period
Plants: erect, perennial, 12"-28" tall, aromatic forb; stems square, solitary
Leaves: opposite, stalked, thin with pinnately arranged veins, wide rounded base, toothed
Flowers: blue, 5-parted, 1/4"-1/3" long, petals nearly straight; flower drawing inflorescence a 1"-4" long cluster (raceme) of stalked flowers mostly from the leaf axils; blooms June-Sept.
Fruits: 1-seeded nutlet
Habitat: wet to moist; woods, shores, shallows
Conservation Status: Native
- "little shield" across the top of the calyx ("tractor seat")

- racemes mostly axillary

- petioles 0.5 - 3 cm long

- leaves ovate

- flowers < 9 mm long