Rosa carolina L.
Family: Rosaceae
Carolina rose, pasture rose
Rosa carolina image
Janice Stiefel  
Rosa carolina image
Janice Stiefel  
Rosa carolina image
University of Wisconsin - Madison (WIS-VP)  
Etymology: Rosa: ancient Latin name whose meaning has been lost
Plants: erect, perennial, 1/2'-4' tall, clone-forming shrub usually unbranched or with only a few branches; stems with straight, slender, rounded thorns near the nodes
Leaves: pinnately-divided with 3-7 oblong to rounded, coarsely toothed leaflets
Flowers: white to pink, 5-parted, 1 1/2"-2 1/3" wide, on this year's stems, the sepals deciduous; flowers solitary; blooms June-July
Fruits: red, smooth, berry-like hips
Habitat: full sun; dry to moderate moisture; upland woods, prairies, inland sands, roadsides; in sandy, loamy soil
Conservation Status: Native
Woods of oak-pine, oak-maple, maple, oak-hickory, oak-black cherry-aspen, white pine; pine barrens, oak barrens, Great Lakes dunes, fields and thickets, lakeshores, riverflats, along roadsides and railroads, roadcuts, prairies, bluffs and ledges, rock outcrops, sedge meadows, open hillsides. This species hybridizes with R. arkansana, producing fertile hybrid swarms. Carolina rose ranges across southern and central Wisconsin, northwestward to the Minnesota border; it is absent from most of the northern half of the state.