lesser purple fringed orchid
[Habenaria psycodes (L.) Spreng.]
Etymology: Platanthera: from the Greek for "flat" and "flower," hence "wide or flat anthered"
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-5' tall forb, with a stout stem
Leaves: lower lance-like to oval; upper smaller and narrower
Flowers: purple to rose, 6-parted, 3/4" long, sweetly fragrant, lips deeply 3-parted and fringed, petals with fine teeth; inflorescence a 7" cylindrical, dense spike-like cluster of almost stalkless flowers; blooms June-Aug.
Habitat: wet; meadows, woods, forests, streambanks
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 7, Wetland Indicator = FACW USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USGS - Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center: Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin