turtlehead, white turtlehead
Etymology: Chelone: Greek for "tortoise" referring to shape of flower to tortoise head
Plants: erect, perennial, 2'-3' tall forb, usually unbranched or with upper branches; stems smooth
Leaves: opposite, up to 6" long, linear to lance-like, toothed, hairless
Flowers: pale yellow to white, 5-parted, 1"-1 1/2" long, tube regular with 2 almost closed lips, upper lip with 2 shallow lobes; lower lip with 3 lobes with the center lobe bearded; inflorescence a 1"-3", dense spike at the end of the stems and branches; blooms July-Sept.
Fruits: capsule, flat seeds with wide wings
Habitat: wet; streambanks, meadows, forests, woods
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 7, Wetland Indicator = OBL Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Purple Sage - Ethnobotanical Information: Detailed usage, preparation, and other helpful information Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"