garden yellow-rocket, winter-cress, yellow-rocket
[Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J.Presl & C.Presl) Rchb., more...]
Etymology: Barbarea: named after St. Barbara and once generally known as her herb, or the Herba Sanctae Barbarae
Plants: erect, biennial/perennial, 8"-32" tall forb, dark green, branched toward the top
Leaves: pinnately-lobed to deeply-toothed, clasping; lower leaves with a large, rounded end lobe and 1-4 pairs of smaller side lobes; stems leaves getting smaller toward the top and becoming merely oval
Flowers: yellow, 4-parted, 1/2" wide; inflorescence a crowded cluster (raceme) of stalked flowers; blooms April-June
Fruits: long, thin pod roundish in cross-section; seeds in 1 row;
Habitat: moist; fields, disturbed sites, gardens
Hazardous: Careful, this plant is hazardous!
Conservation Status: Introduced - naturalized
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Wetland Indicator = FAC USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"