great Indian-plantain, Muhlenberg's cacalia
[Arnoglossum muhlenbergii (Sch.Bip.) H.Rob., more...]
Etymology: Arnoglossum: Greek for arnos, "lamb" and glossum for "tongue"
Plants: erect, perennial, 3'-7' tall forb; grooved stems with 6-8 angles
Leaves: thin, pointed teeth, green on both sides, lower leaves kidney-shaped, upper fan-shaped; veins palmately-arranged on the larger leaves
Flowers: head white to cream, cylindrical; inflorescence a flat-topped umbel; blooms July-Sept.
Habitat: moderate moisture to wet; woods, clearings
Conservation Status: Special Concern
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 8 WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin listed species including state and federal status, photos, etc. USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key.