Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.
Family: Ericaceae
bearberry, kinnickinnick
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi image
Christopher Noll  
Etymology: Arctostaphylos: from two Greek words arktos, "bear," and staphule, "a bunch of grapes," referring to the common name of the first-known species, and also perhaps alluding to bears feeding on the grape-like fruits
Plants: trailing/matting, perennial, 2"-6" tall shrub in mats to 40" wide
Leaves: alternate, entire, evergreen, leathery, flat and spoon-shaped, tapering to base, 1/3"-1 1/8" long
Flowers: whitish to pink, 5-parted, up to 1/4" long, urn-shaped; inflorescence an umbel-like cluster (raceme) of stalked flowers at the ends of the stem; blooms May-June
Fruits: bright red, dryish berry with 5 crescent-shaped nutlets
Habitat: moist; bogs; in rocky, sandy soil
Conservation Status: native