Aquilegia canadensis L.
Family: Ranunculaceae
Canadian columbine, red columbine, wild columbine
[Aquilegia canadensis f. albiflora House]
Aquilegia canadensis image
Merel R. Black  
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Robert R. Kowal  
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University of Wisconsin - Madison (WIS-VP)  
Etymology: Aquilegia: from Latin aquila, "an eagle," referring to the shape of the petals which is said to be like an eagle's claw
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-3' tall forb
Leaves: widely-roundish, toothed or lobed, 2-3 times 3-parted, stalked, alternate, basal leaves larger than the stem leaves
Flowers: orange to red/yellow, 5-parted, 1 1/4" long, nodding, yellow petals below long, hollow, red spurs and red/orange sepals; inflorescence of several long stalks branching from the stem with solitary flowers; blooms May-July
Habitat: full sun to shade; dry; woods, forests, cliffs; in sandy, loamy soil
Hazardous: Careful, this plant is hazardous!
Conservation Status: Native
One of our most common native plants, found in a wide variety of habitats including dry to mesic woods of oak, oak-pine, oak-hickory, mixed conifers, maple-balsam fir-white cedar, aspen, maple-basswood; oak savannas, red cedar glades, rocky hillsides and bluffs, cliffs and rock outcrops, talus slopes, rocky shores, dry prairies, oak and pine barrens, thickets, roadsides, old quarries, and shrubby back dunes of Lake Michigan.

Found throughout the state but rare in parts of the north-central counties, but this is probably because of under-collecting in that area. A rare white-flowered form has been collected in the state.
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Robert R. Kowal  
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Robert Bierman  
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Paul Drobot  
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Botanical Illustration  
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Derek Anderson  
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Derek Anderson  
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Derek Anderson  
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Derek Anderson  
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Marci Hess  
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Marci Hess  
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Aaron Carlson  
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Aaron Carlson  
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Aaron Carlson  
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Aaron Carlson  
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Paul Drobot  
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