Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Torr.
Family: Orchidaceae
Adam-and-Eve, putty-root
Aplectrum hyemale image
Jeff Hapeman  
Etymology: Aplectrum: Greek a for privative and plectron for "a spur;" meaning "lack of spur"
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-2' tall forb; usually with 2 connecting bulbs, the derivation of the common name "Adam-and-Eve"
Leaves: basal, erect, elliptical, 6" long by 1 1/2" wide, the base covering the stem, gray-green with whitish veins, withered-looking, appear in the autumn and grow throughout the winter then die when flowering in the spring
Flowers: purplish, 6-parted, 1/2"-3/4" long; lip white with purple markings; inflorescence 7-15 stalked flowers in a loose, terminal, spike-like cluster (raceme); blooms May-June
Habitat: moderate moisture; deciduous woods; in rich soil
Conservation Status: Special Concern