dotted horsemint, horsemint
[Monarda punctata subsp. punctata var. villicaulis L., more...]
Etymology: Monarda: after Nicholas Monardes (1493-1588), a Spanish physician and botanist
Plants: erect, annual/biennial/perennial, 6"-36" tall forb, aromatic; stems hairy
Leaves: lance-like with pointed tips, bottom densely hairy
Flowers: yellow with purple spots, surrounded by 5-10 petal-like, white to pink bracts, 5-parted, 1/2"-1" long, stamens shorter than the petals; inflorescence a dense whorl both terminal and from the leaf axils; blooms July-Sept.
Fruits: 1-seeded nutlet
Habitat: full sun; dry; inland sands; in sandy, gravelly soil
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 3, Wetland Indicator = UPL Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"