black snakeroot, Maryland sanicle
[Sanicula marilandica var. petiolulata L.]
Etymology: Sanicula: diminutive of the Latin word sanare meaning "to heal"
Plants: erect, perennial, up to 4 1/2' tall forb; fibrous roots
Leaves: palmately-divided into 5-7 parts, double forward-pointing teeth, stalks getting shorter toward top
Flowers: green to white, 5-parted, sepals mostly as long as the petals; inflorescence an irregular, compound umbel with 12-25 flowers per umbellet, female flowers stalkless; blooms June-July
Fruits: oval, dry, with hooked, stout, backward curving bristles, splitting into 2 seeds- fruit: seed:
Habitat: shade; woods
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 5, Wetland Indicator = NI USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"