lion's-foot, rattlesnake-root, white rattlesnakeroot, white-lettuce
[Nabalus albus (L.) Hook.]
Etymology: Prenanthes: from prenes for "drooping" and anthe for "blossom"
Plants: erect, perennial, 1 1/2'-5' tall forb with milky juice; stems thick, often purplish
Leaves: alternate, usually hairy below, the long-stalked lower leaves of various shapes, getting simpler and smaller toward the top
Flowers: head 1/2" wide with pink to cream ray flowers, purplish bracts (phyllaries) with no hairs; inflorescence with nodding heads in long, branched clusters; blooms Aug.-Sept.
Fruits: dry seed with brownish, fluffy pappus
Habitat: dry; woods, forests; in rocky soil
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 5, Wetland Indicator = FACU Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"