broad-leaved purple coneflower, eastern purple coneflower
[Brauneria purpurea (L.) Britton, more...]
Etymology: Echinacea: Greek meaning "sea urchin" or "hedgehog" referring to sharp, spiny chaff on domed center of head
Plants: erect, perennial, 2'-5' tall forb; 1 to a few, brownish-green stems usually with no or a few branches; fibrous roots
Leaves: blades usually 1 1/2 to 5 times as long as wide, mostly hairy on both sides and toothed
Flowers: brownish disk 2" wide with slightly drooping, red-purple rays 1/4"-1/3" wide; inflorescence solitary; blooms June-Oct.
Habitat: full to partial sun; dry to moderate moisture; prairies, woods; in sandy, loamy soil
Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"