[Circaea canadensis subsp. quadrisulcata (L.) Hill, more...]
Etymology: Circaea: after Circe, the enchantress
Plants: erect, perennial, to 28" tall forb; from slender rhizomes
Leaves: opposite, stalked, oblong, 2 1/3"-4 1/2" long, usually not more than half as wide as long, tapering gradually to a point
Flowers: white to pinkish, 2-parted, 1/4"-1/3" wide, petals deeply notched less than half their length; inflorescence elongating early to 8" with many, stalked evenly spaced flowers along the stalk; blooms June-Aug.
Fruits: capsule with 2 chambers and sticky hairs
Habitat: moist; woods
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 2, Wetland Indicator = FACU USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key