large-leaved wild indigo, milky white indigo, white wild indigo
[Baptisia alba var. macrophylla (Larisey) Isely, more...]
Etymology: Baptisia: from Greek baptizein, "to dye," for the use of this plant for a poor indigo dye
Plants: erect, perennial, 3'-6' tall, mostly smooth forb; stems with many branches toward the top but below the inflorescence
Leaves: palmately-divided into 3-5 leaflets with the stipules at the base appearing as 2 additional leaflets, dries to a gray-black color
Flowers: white, 5-parted, 1/2"-3/4" long, stalks less than 1/4" long; inflorescence a 8"-20" long, erect, spike-like cluster (raceme) with the small, deciduous leaves (bracts) below the inflorescence less than 1/2" long; blooms June-July
Fruits: brown, inflated, cylindrical, erect pod
Habitat: full to partial sun; dry to moderate moisture; prairies, woods; in sandy, loamy soil
Hazardous: Careful, this plant is hazardous!
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 8, Wetland Indicator = FACU* Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"