Etymology: Prenanthes: from prenes for "drooping" and anthe for "blossom"
Plants: erect, perennial, 5'-9' tall forb with milky juice; stems stout and mostly smooth below the inflorescence
Leaves: alternate, thin, lower leaves sharply toothed or lobed and up to 10" long, upper slightly smaller and not clasping
Flowers: head 1/2" wide with cream to pale yellow ray flowers, bracts (phyllaries) hairy; inflorescence with nodding heads in branched, 4"-6" wide clusters; blooms Aug.-Sept.
Fruits: dry seed with tan, fluffy pappus
Habitat: partial to full shade; wet, moist; prairies, thickets, woods
Conservation Status: Endangered
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 10, Wetland Indicator = FAC+ WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin listed species including state and federal status, photos, etc. Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Minnesota Dept. of Natural Resources: Rare Species Guide; description, conservation, photos, maps, etc.