Etymology: Corallorhiza: from the Greek korallion, "coral," and rhiza, "root," for the coral-shaped roots
Plants: erect, perennial, 8"-18" tall forb, no chlorophyll, stout, purple to dark red
Flowers: 6-parted, 1/3"-1/2" long; lip not lobed and either purple, yellow or striped; petals and sepals either reddish or white to yellowish with 3-5 purple stripes and purple edges; inflorescence a 2"-8" terminal, spike-like cluster (raceme) resembling a "candy cane" with 7-25 stalked flowers; blooms May-July
Habitat: moderate moisture; cool, coniferous forests
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 9, Wetland Indicator = FACU- USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"