Etymology: Veronica: named after Saint Veronica, the woman who gave Jesus a cloth to wipe his face while on the way to Calvary, and so named because the markings on some species supposedly resemble those on her sacred handkerchief
Plants: erect, perennial, 4"-16" tall forb; from rhizomes
Leaves: all opposite, stalkless, 4-20 times long as wide, mostly entire
Flowers: bluish, 4-parted, 1/4"-1/3" wide, lobes longer than the tube; inflorescence a stalked, 5 to 20-flowered cluster (raceme) only in the upper leaf axils; blooms May-Sept.
Fruits: notched, flattened capsule
Habitat: swamps, bogs
Conservation Status: Native