Etymology: Spartina: from the Greek spartine, a cord
Plants: perennial, 6'-9' tall grass
Flowers: blooms Aug.-Sept.
Habitat: full sun; moderate moisture to wet; meadows, streambanks, prairies; in sandy, loamy soil
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 5, Wetland Indicator = FACW+ Canada Agriculture and Agri-Food
Alberta Government: "The identification of certain native and naturalized grasses by their vegetative characters", S.E. Clarke, J.A. Campbell and W. Shevkenek. 1950.
(Publication no. 762 ; Technical bulletin no. 50). Drawings, descriptions. Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Grasses of Iowa: Detailed photographs, descriptions, maps USGS - Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center: Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin