Etymology: Solidago: from Latin solido, meaning "to make whole or heal" and a reference to the supposed, medicinal qualities of these plants
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-3' tall forb found in clumps; upper part of the stems not leafy or hairy
Leaves: lower sharply toothed, narrowly elliptical, tapering to a long stalk, without 3 prominent, parallel veins, upper leaves obviously smaller
Flowers: head with 7-12 minute, yellow rays; inflorescence a dense cluster about as tall as wide with the heads on one side of backward-curving branches; blooms June-Sept.
Fruits: dry seed with short hairs on fluffy pappus
Habitat: dry; prairies, woods, inland sands; in sandy, loamy soil
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 4 Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"