Etymology: Solidago: from Latin solido, meaning "to make whole or heal" and a reference to the supposed, medicinal qualities of these plants
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-7' tall forb forming large, dense patches; leafy stems with fine hairs especially toward the top but otherwise smooth
Leaves: narrow, pointed at both ends, stalkless, 3-veined, mostly all the same size, sharply toothed
Flowers: heads with 10-17 tiny, yellow rays; pointed, thin, yellowish bracts (phyllaries); inflorescence a 10" open, spreading cluster with the heads mostly along one side of the often backward-curving, long branches; blooms July-Oct.
Fruits: dry seed with short hairs on fluffy pappus
Habitat: full to partial sun; moist to dry; roadsides, fields, woods, prairies
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 1, Wetland Indicator = FACU WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin invasive species including decription, habitats, control methods Wisconsin Natural Resources Magazine: Information and Photos Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"