Etymology: Silene: probably from Greek sialon, "saliva," referring to gummy exudation on stems, and/or named for Silenus, intoxicated foster-father of Bacchus (god of wine) who was covered with foam, much like the glandular secretions of many species of this genus.
Plants: erect, perennial, 8"-32" tall forb
Leaves: basal leaves stalked, 2-4 pairs of stalkless stem leaves
Flowers: red to orange, 5-parted, 1"- 1 1/2" wide, sepals forming a wide tube, petals 2-lobed; inflorescence open, with 7 or more flowers; blooms May-Sept.
Habitat: moderate moisture; woods, slopes; in rich, rocky soil
Conservation Status: Endangered
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 10 WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin listed species including state and federal status, photos, etc. USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key