Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh  
Family: Scrophulariaceae
American figwort, early figwort, lance-leaf figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata image
Christopher Noll  
Etymology: Scrophularia: named in 1474 by an Italian physician who noticed the resemblance between the rhizomal knobs of some species and the tubercular condition of human lymph nodes called scrophula
Plants: erect, perennial, 2'-6' tall forb; sides of stems flat or slightly grooved
Leaves: opposite, the stalk usually less than 1/3 as long as the blade
Flowers: red/brown, 5-parted, 1/4"-3/8" long, tubular-shaped; 4 stamens, the sterile stamen yellow; upper lip 2-lobed, the lower, yellowish-brown lip 3-lobed, its center lobe facing backward; inflorescence a 4"-12" terminal, cylindrical, branched cluster usually less than 3" wide; blooms May-Aug.
Fruits: dull brown capsule
Habitat: open; meadows, fields, wood edge; in rocky soil
Conservation Status: Native
- sterile filament yellowish-green, often wider than long

- mature capsules 6-9 mm long

- larger leaf blades truncate to rounded at base, never cordate

 

Scrophularia lanceolata image
Damon A. Smith  
Scrophularia lanceolata image
Matthew L. Wagner  
Scrophularia lanceolata image
Derek Anderson  
Scrophularia lanceolata image
Stephen L. Solheim  
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