Etymology: Phryma: name erroneously given by Bauhin as the Latin equivalent of the Greek Phyrama, an inferior grade of the resin of the metops “tree “ a north African umbellifer. Literally, something mixed and kneaded, dough.
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-3' tall forb; stems square
Leaves: opposite, simple; lower on long stalks, upper stalkless
Flowers: pink to white, 4-parted, 1/4" wide, tube narrow and 2-lipped, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes; inflorescence an interrupted spike both terminal and in a few upper leaf axils, the flowers opposite and horizontal; blooms July-Aug.
Fruits: 1 dry, drooping seed with a hooked tip
Habitat: moist; woods, forests
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 5, Wetland Indicator = UPL* USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions