Etymology: Phlox: from the Greek phlox, "flame," ancient name of Lychnis of the Caryophyllaceae
Plants: erect, perennial, 2'-4' tall forb, usually hairless; stems slender
Leaves: many, mostly opposite, not divided, not veiny, linear to lance-like gradually tapering to a sharp point
Flowers: red-purple, 5-parted, 1/2"-3/4" wide, funnel-shaped, lobes not notched, tube narrow; inflorescence usually several branched clusters (cymes) terminal and from the upper 1-4 pairs of leaf axils; blooms June-Aug.
Habitat: wet; woods, prairies
Conservation Status: Endangered
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 8, Wetland Indicator = FACW WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin listed species including state and federal status, photos, etc. Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key