Etymology: Phleum: from phleos Greek name for a kind of reed
Plants: erect, perennial, 2'-2.5' tall grass
Conservation Status: Introduced - naturalized; potentially invasive
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Wetland Indicator = FACU Invasive And Exotic Species of North America: Descriptions, management issues, warnings, photos, etc. USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Canada Agriculture and Agri-Food
Alberta Government: "The identification of certain native and naturalized grasses by their vegetative characters", S.E. Clarke, J.A. Campbell and W. Shevkenek. 1950.
(Publication no. 762 ; Technical bulletin no. 50). Drawings, descriptions.