Etymology: Pedicularis: from the Latin pediculus meaning "louse," referring to the old English belief that when cattle grazed on these plants, they became infested with lice
Plants: erect, perennial, 4"-16" tall forb; short rhizomes forming large clumps, partially parasitic
Leaves: mostly basal then opposite, finely pinnately-toothed; lower leaves with the stalk longer than the blade, upper leaves smaller and almost stalkless
Flowers: yellow (sometimes with a reddish hood), 5-parted, 3/4"-1" long, tubular-shaped, upper lip with 2 small teeth near the hooded tip covering the 4 stamens, lower lip shorter; inflorescence a 1"-2" terminal, leafy, conical spike elongating with age; blooms April-June
Fruits: capsule, opening at the top
Habitat: dry to moderate moisture; prairies, woods, forests
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 8, Wetland Indicator = FACU+ Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"