Etymology: Monarda: after Nicholas Monardes (1493-1588), a Spanish physician and botanist
Plants: erect, perennial, 2'-3' tall forb, aromatic; stems square
Flowers: red, 5-parted,
Fruits: 1-seeded nutlet
Conservation Status: Introduced - escaped
Floristic Rating: Wetland Indicator = UPL USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"