Lactuca biennis (Moench) Fernald  
Family: Asteraceae
tall blue lettuce, woodland lettuce
[Lactuca biennis f. aurea (Moench) Fernald, Lactuca biennis f. integrifolia (Moench) Fernald, Lactuca spicata var. integrifolia (Lam.) Hitchc., Mulgedium spicatum var. integrifolium (Lam.) Small, Sonchus biennis Moench]
Lactuca biennis image
Merel R. Black  
Etymology: Lactuca: name for "milk"
Plants: erect, annual/biennial, 2' -6 1/2' tall, mostly smooth forb with milky juice; stems very leafy
Leaves: either pinnately-divided or toothed, sometimes with arrow-shaped bases
Flowers: head 3/8" wide with 15-34 bluish to white rays; inflorescence with many heads in long, narrow clusters; blooms July-Sept.
Fruits: dry seed with several obvious lines on both sides, and with tan, fluffy pappus
Habitat: moist; thickets
Conservation Status: Native
Lactuca biennis image
Merel R. Black  
Lactuca biennis image
Merel R. Black  
Lactuca biennis image
Merel R. Black  
Lactuca biennis image
Merel R. Black  
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