Etymology: Ilex: ancient Latin name of the Holly Oak, rather than Holly
Plants: erect, perennial, 10' tall shrub, branched
Leaves: with short, sharp point, edges mostly entire, bases rounded, stalks often reddish
Flowers: yellowish, 7 or more-parted, petals separate, narrow; blooms April-June
Fruits: red/yellow berry, with thick nutlet
Habitat: moist to wet
Hazardous: Careful, this plant is hazardous!
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 8, Wetland Indicator = OBL USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos University of Wisconsin - Green Bay: Shrubs: Photos, descriptions, information USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"