Etymology: Helianthus: derived from two Greek words helios, "sun," and anthos, "flower," in reference to the sunflower's supposed tendency to always turn toward the sun
Plants: erect, perennial, 3'-10' tall forb; stems usually with spreading hairs but sometimes hairless, often purplish
Leaves: opposite on the lower stem, upper alternate, flat, narrow, at least 3 times as long as wide, upper surface rough, lower with long hairs
Flowers: head 1 3/4"- 3 1/4" wide with 10-20 yellow rays, yellow disks, hairy bracts (phyllaries) long and loose; inflorescence in loose clusters of several to many heads on stalks less than 4" long; blooms July-Oct.
Habitat: moist; forests, swamps
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 4, Wetland Indicator = FACW Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc.