Etymology: Gentiana: named after Gentius, King of Illyria, who around 500 B.C. found the roots of the herb yellow gentian or bitterwort to have a healing effect on his malaria-stricken troops
Plants: erect to drooping, perennial, 2'-3' tall forb, smooth, usually not branched; stems stout
Leaves: mostly stalkless, smooth, yellow-green
Flowers: cream, 5-parted, 1 1/4"-2" long, tubular-shaped with small opening at the top and irregular folds between the petals; inflorescence a dense, many-flowered cluster; blooms Aug.-Sept.
Habitat: moist; meadows, prairies, woods
Conservation Status: Threatened
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 7, Wetland Indicator = FACU Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"