Etymology: Galium: from Greek word gala, "milk," and alluding to the fact that certain species were used to curdle milk
Plants: erect, perennial, 6"-40" tall forb, with many branches; stems 4-angled and mostly smooth except below the nodes; creeping rhizomes
Leaves: whorls of 4, linear to lance-like, tip slightly rounded
Flowers: white to creamy, 4-parted, 1/8"-1/4" wide; inflorescence a showy, branched, terminal cluster of many flowers; blooms June-July
Fruits: mostly smooth or with un-hooked hairs
Habitat: dry, moderate moisture, to wet; woods, forests, prairies, meadows
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 5, Wetland Indicator = FAC Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"