Etymology: Galium: from Greek word gala, "milk," and alluding to the fact that certain species were used to curdle milk
Plants: scrambling annual, 4"-40" tall forb, usually only a few branches; stems weak, 4 -angled, with fine, clinging hooks; from a short taproot
Leaves: whorls of usually 6, narrow, hairy leaflets
Flowers: white to greenish, tiny, 4-parted; inflorescence a stalked, usually 3-5 flowered cluster from the leaf axils; blooms May-June
Fruits: ball-like, bristly
Habitat: mostly shade; moist rich woods
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 2, Wetland Indicator = FACU Invasive And Exotic Species of North America: Descriptions, management issues, warnings, photos, etc. USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Purple Sage - Ethnobotanical Information: Detailed usage, preparation, and other helpful information Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"