Etymology: Galearis: "helmetlike," referring to the hood over the column
Plants: erect, perennial, 4"-8" tall forb with stout stems
Leaves: 2, basal, fleshy, narrowly oval to widely elliptical, clasping
Flowers: 6-parted, 3/4" - 1 1/8" long, petals and sepals pink to light purple, lip white with heavy spur about the same size as the lip; inflorescence a loose, terminal, spike-like cluster (raceme) of stalked flowers; blooms May-June
Habitat: moderate moisture; deciduous woods; in rich, sometimes limy soil
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 6 USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key.