Etymology: Conopholis: Greek conos for "cone" and pholis for "a scale"
Plants: erect, perennial, 2"-8" tall, pale brown to yellowish forb; stems stout, unbranched; parasitic on the red oak group
Leaves: many, scale-like, fleshy, overlapping
Flowers: yellow to cream, 5-parted, 1/3"-1/2" long, tubular with a swollen base, facing downward, upper of the 2 lips straight, lower lip 3-lobed; inflorescence of many flowers in a dense, 1/2"-1" thick spike; blooms May-June
Habitat: dry; woods; in rich soil
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 8 USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"