Betula pumila L.
Family: Betulaceae
bog birch,  more...
[Betula borealis Spach,  more]
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Mary Ann Feist  
Etymology: Betula: ancient Latin name
Plants: perennial, erect, coarse, irregular shrub 4'-13' tall; smooth bark dark reddish brown; pale, inconspicuous lenticels; often forming large colonies; twigs not tasting or smelling like wintergreen
Leaves: stiff, elliptic to obovate to widely ovate; broadly-round above and at the base; edges coarsely toothed
Flowers: male catkin 1/3"-3/4" long on 1/4"-1/3" stalks; blooms in late spring
Fruits: cylindrical, erect fruit clusters; samara wings slightly narrower than the body, widest near the middle
Habitat: moist to wet; bogs, calcareous fens, wooded swamps, muskegs, lakeshores
Conservation Status: Native
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Mary Ann Feist  
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Aaron_Carlson  
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Aaron_Carlson  
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Aaron_Carlson  
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Derek Anderson  
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Kenneth J. Sytsma  
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Kenneth J. Sytsma  
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Hugh H. Iltis  
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Botanical Illustration  
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