Betula nigra L.  
Family: Betulaceae
black birch, red birch, river birch
[Betula rubra F.Michx.]
Betula nigra image
Emmet J. Judziewicz  
Etymology: Betula: ancient Latin name
Plants: perennial tree to 80' tall, often several trunks, rounded crown; mature trees with smooth, grayish brown, yellowish, reddish, or creamy white bark irregularly peeling in shaggy pieces with time; dark, horizontal lenticels; twigs with no wintergreen taste or smell
Leaves: leaves rhombic-oval, edges coarsely doubly cut to toothed
Flowers: blooms in late spring
Fruits: conical to round, erect fruit clusters; scales often remaining into early winter; samara wings narrower than the body and usually widest near the top
Habitat: moist to wet; riverbanks, floodplains
Conservation Status: Native
Betula nigra image
Robert W. Freckmann  
Betula nigra image
Christopher Noll  
Betula nigra image
Darrin Kimbler  
Betula nigra image
Matthew L. Wagner  
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