Etymology: Berberis: the Latinized form of the Arabic name for the fruit
Plants: perennial, spiny shrub to 12' with many branches; twigs yellowish to grey
Leaves: finely toothed
Flowers: yellow, petals un-notched in clusters (racemes) of 10-20 flowers
Fruits: red, tart berry
Conservation Status: Introduced - escaped; potentially invasive
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Wetland Indicator = FACU WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin invasive species including decription, habitats, control methods USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Purple Sage - Ethnobotanical Information: Detailed usage, preparation, and other helpful information Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"