Etymology: Amerorchis: Amer- for "America," orchis Greek word for "testicle" since some species were said to have roots resembling testicles
Plants: erect, perennial, 4"-10" tall forb with a single stem
Leaves: basal, single, oval, clasping, shiny, persisting when in flower
Flowers: white to purple, 6-parted, 1/2"- 3/4" wide, lip white with purple spots, 3-lobed and notched at the tip; inflorescence a few stalked flowers on a 4"-10" tall, spike-like cluster (raceme); blooms July-Aug.
Habitat: cold limy conifer swamps, fens
Conservation Status: Threatened
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 10, Wetland Indicator = OBL WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin listed species including state and federal status, photos, etc. USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos