Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd.  
Family: Ranunculaceae
red baneberry
[Actaea arguta Nutt., Actaea arguta var. viridiflora Nutt., Actaea eburnea Rydb., Actaea neglecta Gillman, Actaea rubra f. neglecta (Aiton) Willd., Actaea rubra subsp. arguta (Aiton) Willd., Actaea rubra subsp. rubra (Aiton) Willd., Actaea rubra var. arguta (Aiton) Willd., Actaea rubra var. dissecta (Aiton) Willd., Actaea rubra var. gigantea (Aiton) Willd., Actaea spicata subsp. rubra L., Actaea spicata var. arguta L., Actaea spicata var. rubra L., Actaea viridiflora Greene]
Actaea rubra image
Matthew L. Wagner  
Etymology: Actaea: an ancient Greek name, from its wet habitat and similarity to Sambucus leaves
Plants: erect, perennial, 1 1/2'-3' tall forb
Leaves: alternate; 2-3 times 3-parted into separate, sharply toothed, oval-oblong leaflets often with some hairs in the bottom
Flowers: white, 4-10-parted, petals falling off leaving numerous white stamens; mature stigma narrower than the ovary; inflorescence a 2" ball-like, dense, long-stalked cluster usually about as wide as long; blooms May-June
Fruits: several seeded, red berry, occasionally white, on greenish, thin stalks
Habitat: moderate moisture; woods, forests; in rich soil
Hazardous: Careful, this plant is hazardous!
Conservation Status: Native
- leaves 2-3 ternately compund

- leaflets sharply cleft and toothed

- inflorescence a short, thick, terminal raceme of whitish flowers

- fruits berry-like, red

- pedicels filiform, stigmas during flowering slightly elevated above summit of ovary

Actaea rubra image
Merel R. Black  
Actaea rubra image
Christopher Noll  
Actaea rubra image
Kenneth I. Lange  
Actaea rubra image
Matthew L. Wagner  
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