Neottia convallarioides (Sw.) Rich.
Family: Orchidaceae
broad-leaved twayblade
[Listera convallarioides (Sw.) Elliott]
Neottia convallarioides image
R.K. Kupfer  
Etymology: Listera: after Martin Lister (1638-1711), an English naturalist
Plants: erect, perennial, 4"-12" tall forb; stems smooth below, mostly fuzzy above the leaves; succulent
Leaves: single pair, opposite, stalkless, near the middle of the stem, broadly oval 1"-2 1/4" long
Flowers: greenish, 6-parted; lip 1/4"-2/5" long, translucent, narrow base, tip divided into 2 shallow, rounded lobes; inflorescence a 3/4"-4 1/2" loose, terminal, spike-like cluster (raceme) with up to 20 stalked flowers; blooms July-Aug.
Habitat: deep shade; moist; ravines in mixed or coniferous woods; in rich soil
Conservation Status: Threatened
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