Etymology: Bunias: named used by Dioscorides
Plants: erect, biennial/perennial forb, coarse, branching near the top; stems covered with warty bumps and somewhat hairy; taprooted
Leaves: lower leaves with sharply-pointed lobes, up to 12' long, and not clasping; upper leaves smaller; all somewhat hairy
Flowers: yellow, 4-parted, 1/3"-1/2" wide; inflorescence several, loose clusters (racemes) of stalked, fragrant flowers
Fruits: round, somewhat hairy pod with warty bumps
Habitat: disturbed areas
Invasiveness: Prohibited/Restricted Invasive - Eradicate!
Conservation Status: Introduced - adventive; potentially invasive