Etymology: Viola: a classical Latin name for violets
Plants: erect, perennial, up to 4" tall forb, basically stemless; no stolons
Leaves: main leaves 3-parted then deeply divided into 3-5 toothed parts
Flowers: light purple to blue, 5-parted, 3/4"-1 1/2" wide, stamens prominently protruding forming an orange/yellow center, petals beardless; solitary, basal; blooms April-June
Fruits: capsule with copper-colored seeds
Habitat: full to partial sun; dry; woods, prairies, inland sands; in sandy, gravelly soil
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 7, Wetland Indicator = UPL Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora: by T.S. Cochrane & H.H. Iltis: habitat, distribution infomation / flowering and fruiting times USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"