Etymology: Vaccinium: ancient Latin name for bilberry, origin obscure
Plants: trailing, perennial shrub; stems very thin
Leaves: leathery, evergreen, mostly stalkless, oblong, tapering at both ends
Flowers: white to pink, 4-parted, 1/3" long, deep lobes turning upward; 2 small, green bracts; inflorescence with 2-6 flowers in a cluster in the lower leaf axils; blooms June-Aug.
Fruits: red, tart, 1/2" berry with many seeds
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 9, Wetland Indicator = OBL USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos University of Wisconsin - Green Bay: Shrubs: Photos, descriptions, information David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Virginia Tech Dept. of Forestry, College of Natural Resources: detailed description and photographs Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"
- leaves with a blunt or rounded tip, mostly > 1 cm
- bracts on pedicel leaflike, 1-2 mm wide, usually green