Etymology: Solidago: from Latin solido, meaning "to make whole or heal" and a reference to the supposed, medicinal qualities of these plants
Plants: erect, perennial, 8"-48" tall forb; leafy stems zigzagging, mostly smooth below the inflorescence
Leaves: broadly oval, sharply toothed, tapering quickly to short wide, winged stalk
Flowers: head usually with 3-4 yellow rays; inflorescence both terminal and from the leaf axils in narrow, short clusters; blooms Aug.-Sept.
Fruits: short-hairy, dry seed on fluffy pappus
Habitat: partial sun to shade; moderate moisture to dry; woods, forests; in sandy, loamy soil
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 6, Wetland Indicator = FACU USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions